Raccoon Removal & Trapping in MD, DC & Northern VA
Description: Raccoons are four legged, nocturnal, tailed mammals native to North America. Their sizes can range from 15-25 + inches and they can weigh anywhere from 7 - 20 pounds. Raccoons have a grayish colored fur with a long (8"-15" inches) tail and specific tail/face markings which are usually black or dark brown in color. Raccoons are equipped with an "undercoat" of fur; this coat protects the animal in cold weather. Raccoons are known for their superb intelligence, climbing abilities, as well as their extremely dexterous paws. They are like humans in that they have opposable thumbs, allowing them to easily open and access a number of areas that many other forms of wildlife would find impossible. Once considered solitary animals, recent studies show that Raccoons do indeed participate in gender specific activities. Females seems to gather together in a central area while males (usually in groups of no more than 4) will join together to protect their territories (ranging up to 7 acres) against invading males during the mating season.
Food Sources: Raccoons are known to be omnivorous - meaning they will make use of just about any food source available. These animals are scavengers, moving from area to area following available food sources. Open trash cans or dumpsters, animal feed, other small mammals & amphibians, as well as gardens & fruit trees are just a few food sources raccoons typically make use of. Keeping accessible food sources under lock & key is imperative to keeping raccoons from invading & surviving on your property.
Life Span & Reproduction: Raccoons have a pretty decisive breeding season; spring time (March through May) is core breeding season for these animals. Gestation period is fairly long, averaging out to about 65 or so days before birth. Typically Raccoon's mothers have one litter a year, averaging 3-5 kits (raccoon young) per litter. Raccoon mothers stay with their kits approximately 8 weeks after they are born. The average life expectancy for a raccoon in the wild is anywhere from 1 to 3 + years. Vehicular accidents & hunting contribute to their short life span.
Typical areas of entry: Raccoons typically search for a large, easily accessible opening, to gain easy access in to roofs/attics & basements/crawlspaces. They are skilled climbers and their strength allows them to pry open just about any open entry point or door to accommodate their size for entry. Trees & limbs should be cut back - these can facilitate climbing and easy entry for raccoons. Soffit vents, gable vents, and roof vents should be properly screened as these are typical access points for raccoons. Raccoons are famous for uncapped chimney entry as well. Starting a fire won't help. You will simply allow the damper to become open, allowing the raccoon easy access inside and in to the living space. Raccoons will be urinating & defecating in the areas they habituate (attic/crawlspace). This is extremely unforgivable; the raccoons can literally destroy this space in a matter of days. Insulation, existing in the attic or crawlspace, will become soiled and an odor is likely to be profound due to the excrement & debris left behind. The "R" value, which dictates thermal resistance, will become extremely declined as raccoons are heavier animals. Their weight alone, even without debris left behind, can destroy and make insulation useless. Trappro offers attic insulation/debris removal & re-insulation.
Typical treatment: First, a thorough inspection by a Trappro technician will be completed, area(s) of entry will be identified, and typically, Trapping/Removal for approximately 3 to 5 business days will be our first line of defense. Live cage traps will be set near the entry/access points. The open areas where the raccoon(s) have gained entry will be monitored for activity during the duration of the trapping service. The technician will be placing a breakable barrier/screen/tape (whatever is available) over/inside the holes or entry points to monitor the raccoon(s) movements in and out of the open areas. This technique allows us to record wild life movement & will assist in dictating the duration of the trapping service. Once a point of no activity has been reached, Trappro will feel comfortable removing the live traps & installing temporary screenings over the existing entry points. The trapping/removal service along with our patch is guaranteed against animal re-entry for 30 days. Trappro recommends permanently sealing the raccoon(s) area(s) of entry. Upon the inspection, a proposal will be provided for permanent repairs to the home or structure. Trappro completes & warranties permanent repairs against wild life re-entry for up to 10 years. If raccoons are simply inhabiting or invading the yard with no specific point of entry, Trappro offers an Open Area trapping service for these purposes. Open area trapping is difficult simply because Trappro cannot force animals in to a trap; they must lead themselves inside before we are able to remove them from any property. Open Area trapping services last for a total of 7 business days (NO weekends or National holidays). Any animals/wildlife lead inside our traps will be removed. Trappro does not charge per animal or per trap.
Dangers: The number one concern when dealing
with a raccoon intrusion is the rate of transmitted rabies disease
to these creatures. Rabies is the most highly transmitted disease
with this type of wild life - and it can be easily transferred to
humans and other animals with direct fluid contact (bite, scratch,
etc.) NEVER approach a raccoon that is discolored, looks/acts sick
or confused, hunched over, or appears to be lacking nutrients. Distemper
is the second most fatal element to the raccoon population; humans
are the first. Distemper starts out as runny nose, congestion, and
conjunctivitis slowly develops in to pneumonia, and once brain damage
sets in, the raccoon may wander aimlessly or in circles, and become
malnourished, resulting in death. There is NO treatment for distemper,
and raccoons caught with said disease are euthanized. Cats & Dogs
should be vaccinated & kept away from these creatures. Raccoon
excrement/droppings can also contain dangers such as roundworms, tapeworms,
and various other parasites which are easily transferred to humans
Our professional trappers will also be able to seal up holes in attic or walls including fireplaces and vents where raccoons have entered the home. Trapping and exclusion of raccoons is available for homeowners and business owners throughout Maryland, Washington DC and Northern Virginia.
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