Rodent Control Maryland, DC, NOVA
Rat Removal & Trapping in MD, DC & Northern VA
Description: Rats are four legged scavengers. Constantly in search of water, warmth, and food supply. Rats have very strong teeth, allowing them to chew through plastic, wiring, and lumber - a wide variety of materials. They are nocturnal animals - so daytime activity is scarce. They have an excellent memory despite their small body structure. Rats are also excellent climbers and only need a hole about the size of a quarter to gain entry. Typically they are black & grey in color and can be as long as 12" or more in the right environment.
Food Sources: Rats will eat just about anything. Whatever food sources exist - they will make use of, but not limited to: eating fruits, berries, vegetables, cereal, pet food, nuts, grain, insects, snails, rotten food, and when desperate, even each other.
Lifespan & Reproduction: A typical lifespan for a rat is around 18 or so months. Some will not survive that long and others may live even longer. Rats are an extremely quick reproducing species. They are fully sexually developed at just 5 weeks of age and there is no specific rat breeding season. Female rats will go in to heat about every 4 to 5 days. Rat gestation period is approx. 21 - 23 days and a single female rat will produce anywhere from 10 - 12 + young at a time. A female rat will typically reach menopause around 18 months of age and reproduction will come to a halt during & after this stage of change. Rats can live anywhere from two to five years depending on a number of variables (size, climate, and food & water source availability).
Typical areas of entry: Open or Damaged sewer systems, small or large open holes within the foundation or roofline, door thresholds, open utility lines, unscreened crawlspace & roof vents, and countless other probable areas. Once they have claimed territory indoors, rats will travel through insulation in walls & ceilings, inside and behind cupboards, appliances, bath tubs & shower stalls, and also near sources of heat such as basements, attics, furnaces & heating systems, especially where things are stored.
Typical Removal/Treatment: Rat infestations are very different from your typical wildlife intrusion. Because of their small size and reproductive abilities, there are usually many rats present at one time. Rat Trap placement will begin to take care of some of the issue. Placing and monitoring traps for rats is a very important part of exclusion. But monitoring & maintaining traps to remove intruding rats from the structure goes hand in hand with the importance of sealing up exposed or open areas. Closing off entry and exit points will keep from further infestation, but once those open points have been sealed, some rats will be trapped inside - monitoring the traps and re-setting them once intruders are caught & removed is imperative to a successful exclusion.
Dangers: Rats carry ectoparasites (insects such
as fleas, lice and bed bugs) that are easily transmitted to pets &
humans. Rat droppings, saliva & fur can also carry the Hantavirus;
although a rare disease, it is typically fatal. Rats are also responsible
for the spread of Bubonic plague - a highly contagious disease caused
by bacteria carried by fleas. Fleas then transmit the disease to rats,
and they become avid carriers. Rats that have not been domesticated
are even inclined to bight and fight for their lives if need be. The
damage a pack of rats can do to an untreated structure can be devastating.
Our professional trappers will also be able to seal up areas in shed or under porch and home where rats have entered the home. Trapping and exclusion of rats is available for homeowners and business owners throughout Maryland, Washington DC and Northern Virginia.
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